The Industrial Revolution 4.0 is a valuable opportunity for Vietnam to capture new technologies to accelerate the process of industrialization and modernization to narrow the development gap with other developed economies.
On August 21, Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development organized a workshop: “Application of science and technology in sustainable agricultural development” within the framework of the program “Connecting Vietnam innovation and innovation network 2018” .
According to the Institute of Policy and Strategy for Agriculture and Rural Development, which is a latecomer, the Industrial Revolution 4.0 is a valuable opportunity for Vietnam to capture new technologies to accelerate the industrialization and modernization process. To narrow the development gap with other developed economies in the world in general and promote the development of Vietnam’s agricultural sector in particular.
Digital technology applications will support planning, costing, seasonal revenue, collecting, analyzing environmental information, controlling devices to keep the environment in compliance. standard
At the same time, support automatic warning system, support to analyze, evaluate quality, productivity and propose optimal solutions for farmers; set up ecosystems for farmers, experts, distributors and purchasing units to exchange information, consult, share experiences, plan production.
Since then, contributing to increase productivity and quality of crops and reduce investment costs compared to traditional methods. Products of artificial intelligence (AI) and software application trends, sensor chips in high-tech agricultural production management systems, from germination, seeding to harvesting and Preserving according to the standard process, will promote automation of cultivation, livestock and seafood processes.
Big Data helps improve the quality of forecasting the effects of climate change to make decisions on agricultural production, application in insurance programs, and recommendations in investment decisions of people manufacturing. The combination of Internet and everything (IoT) and big data will completely change the supply chain in the near future.
For agricultural products, IoT will shift from traditional distribution system to online trading and connect consumers with producers, analyze and forecast needs to make production decisions. In addition, IoT will help increase traceability and food safety control.
For agriculture’s public administration organization system, the opportunity to take advantage of digital technology includes: remote sensing technology combined with IoT and Big Data to help support information management for planning and supply monitoring. – bridges, management and warning of natural disasters, diseases, market connectivity and agricultural policy and rural development feedback.
However, according to the Institute of Policy and Strategy for Agriculture and Rural Development, Vietnam still has some shortcomings that need to be solved to promote the application of technology to agriculture such as: The quality of human resources in low rural areas and have a lots of restrictions; The application capacity and technology absorption of enterprises are still limited; Science and technology market has formed but is small in scale and has many limitations.
Besides, Vietnam still lacks connection infrastructure and information infrastructure in rural agriculture. The budget for investment in science and technology research in agriculture is still limited. Investment capacity of economic sectors into agriculture is not high.
In addition, policies to support science and technology research and application are still inadequate … To overcome these factors, Mr. Nguyen Do Anh Tuan, Director of the Institute of Policy and Strategy for Agriculture and Rural Development He said that Vietnam should focus on improving the level of technical staff, technology management and business management; improve the quality of university, college and vocational training to provide a high quality workforce for businesses.
In addition, public investment should be promoted for the development of agricultural science and technology; encourage economic sectors to invest in agricultural science and technology; improve research and application of science and technology and develop science and technology market in Vietnam and create capital for science and technology development enterprises in agriculture.
Source: Government e-portal